The creation of a jewelry alloy can be compared to the culinary art. Like any dish, it is painstakingly prepared and made up of different ingredients. How long your cherished piece of jewelry will last depends on how they are combined. What makes gold so special? It’s shiny, it doesn’t age, and it doesn’t oxidize. That, but not only that, is the magical power of the yellow metal. Gold, as we are used to seeing it in jewelry, is not just one chemical element. In the shadow of the yellow aurum, there are several other no less important components. It is they that give the gold ring/earrings/rings/rings the necessary jewelry properties and variety of hues. The strength of gold jewelry depends on their quantity and the skill of their connection.
What are the characteristics of gold as a metal?
Characteristic features of gold as a metal:
- Softness (only 2.5-3.0 on the Mohs scale). To the touch, it can be compared to a fingernail.
- Natural sunny yellow color (sometimes with a greenish tint);
- High resistance to water, air, acids and alkalis;
- Plasticity and low resistance (1 gram can be rolled into a sheet up to 0.0001 mm thick or into a wire 3000 meters long).
For centuries, the yellow precious metal has had an irresistible power over people: it has been worshipped as the Sun god, fought and killed for it, sealed fates and promises. And so it is to this day. Gold is perhaps the only metal that has retained all of these qualities since prehistoric times. Today the sphere of application of gold is not only jewelry. It is used in medicine (surgery, dentistry) and electronics.
Is gold used in its pure form?
Pure gold is, as a rule, bright yellow shades of the sun. It is such by nature and this is its distinctive feature compared to other metals. But gold cannot go through life alone. Its excessive softness makes it of little use for fine jewelry. Articles of pure gold do exist, but they are mostly vintage jewelry or works of art. Pure gold may still be used only for decoration (gold leaf). In all other cases, yellow aurum is supplemented with alloying components (impurities). The most common “companions” of gold are silver, copper, platinum, palladium, zinc and nickel. They determine the final properties of the alloy and make it suitable for jewelry making.
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